Soft skills/Presentation (1)

영어 학술 프리젠테이션에서 자주 쓰는 문구 정리


본 포스팅에서는 학술 영어의 특징과 영어 학술 프리젠테이션에서 자주 쓰이는 문구를 정리해보고자 합니다. 물론 중요한 것은 내용이겠지만 자주 쓰이는 표현을 익혀둔다면, 내용과 내용사이의 연결을 매끄럽게 할 수 있을 것이고, 전달력 좋은 프리젠테이션을 할 수 있을 것입니다. 


학술 영어의 특징


학술 영어의 특징은 아래와 같이 정리해볼 수 있습니다. 
  • 학술영어는 구어체보다는 형식적인 언어를 사용한다. 
  • I 를 피하고, 제 3자의 입장인것처럼 쓴다. (수동태를 많이 쓴다.)
  • 객관적이고, 공정한 표현을 쓴다.
  • 단정적인 표현을 삼가하고, 조심스러운 표현을 많이 쓴다. 

아래에 프리젠테이션의 각 단계 별로 자주 쓰이는 표현을 정리하였으며, 내용들은 https://englishforuniversity.com 을 참고하여 작성 되었습니다. 

Introduction


Greeting your audience, introducing yourself and giving the topic of your presentation. 

  • My name’s ............. and I’m going to talk about ... 
  • Good morning everybody. 
  • Thank you for coming to my talk today. 
  • My name is …… and I’m from ... 
  • Hello. I’m .............. and welcome to my presentation about ...
  • Hello. My name’s .................... and today I’m going to be talking about ... 
  • I’d like to start by introducing myself. 
  • My name’s … and the topic for my presentation today is … 
  • The theme of my talk is … 
  • My presentation this morning concerns … 
  • This afternoon I would like to talk to you about … 
  • I shall be looking at the following areas:… 
  • What I’d like to do is to discuss ... 
  • I intend to discuss ... 
  • I hope to consider the main issues around ... 
  • This morning I am going to talk about an issue which concerns everyone … 
  • This presentation focuses on the issue of…


Justifying the topic of your presentation

  • There are many concerns regarding … 
  • … has been the subject of much debate recently and this is the topic of my presentation.
  • Recent research has shown that… 
  • Did you know...........? This is the reason for my talk today. ... 
  • and this is the theme for my presentation today. 
  • … so the purpose of my presentation today is to inform/discuss/present/analyse … 
  • … is a growing problem in the world. For this reason I intend to focus on the issue of …


Giving the outline of your presentation

  • Firstly, I’m going to look at ... 
  • Secondly, I’ll move on to the issue of ... 
  • Then I’ll move on to examine ... 
  • Lastly/Finally, I’ll look at / focus on ...
  • I have divided my talk into the following main areas: ... 
  • I am going to divide my presentation into two main parts. First I’m going to describe … 
  • and then I’ll move on to look at … 
  • And in this part of my presentation I’ll be showing you some data/charts/tables … 
  • I’ll also try to explain my findings … 
  • In the third part of my presentation I’ll put forward some ideas about … 
  • I’ll also be offering some recommendations on how we can solve/address/tackle the issues of … 
  • ...then I’m going to suggest some possible measures to solve these difficulties. We’ll finish off with a question and answer session. 
  • My talk will last about ........... minutes and there’ll be time at the end for questions. 
  • At the end of my talk, which will last about ten minutes, I’ll be happy to answer any questions you may have.
  • If you have any questions please do not hesitate to ask. 
  • Please just put your hand up if you would like to ask a question. 
  • I’d like the presentation to be as interactive as possible, so please chip in as we go along. 
  • I’ve got quite a lot to get through, so I’d appreciate it if you kept your questions until the end of the presentation. 
  • I’m happy to let you have any of the slides or information in my presentation if you would like. 
  • If you leave your contact details I’ll be happy to send you any of the information here. 


Main Parts


Introducing your first main point 

  • Now, I’m going to start by … 
  • Now I’d like to focus on … 
  • First we’re going to look at … 
  • Let’s start with … 
  • The first problem I’d like to focus on is that of … 
  • Turning then to my first point, ... 
  • To begin with I’d like to say a few things about… 
  • I’d like to begin by … 
  • OK, so let’s start by looking at .... 
  • I’d like to take a minute or two to define what exactly we mean by ... 
  • I’d like to mention three points here, ...


Referring to research

  • Researchers have identified three key issues here, they are … 
  • Researchers have shown quite conclusively that … 
  • A number of recent studies, notably the ones by … and …, have shown that … 
  • A number of studies have shown that ... 
  • A study by … shows that ... 
  • Research suggests/indicates that … 
  • According to … Figures from … show/suggest/indicate that ... 
  • A very interesting study by … shows that… 
  • The study by … is on your reading list and I encourage you to take a look at it. 
  • Basically, what he found was that … 
  • One of the most interesting studies carried out in this area by … showed that …


Referring to visual data

  • If you look at this table you can see that ... 
  • The data here shows that... 
  • Please take a handout and pass them on. 
  • There are some handouts coming round on … 


Presenting a point of view

  • Those in favour of … argue that … 
  • Advocates of … claim that ... 
  • Some people claim that … but others … 
  • Most people/scientists would argue that … 
  • I think it’s fair to say that ... 
  • Personally, I think there is overwhelming evidence that ... 
  • Evidence does seem to show that ...


Analysing an argument

  • Let’s take a closer look at the argument put forward by ... His main contention is that ... but he fails to consider ... 
  • Even if we accept the point that ... that still leaves the question of ... 
  • The argument put forward by ... doesn’t explain ... 
  • The weakness in this argument is that ... 
  • This point of view is very appealing because ...


Emphasizing important points

  • It must be remembered that … 
  • It should be emphasised that … 
  • I would like to draw your attention to this point …


Losing your way

  • Now, where was I? Oh yes, … 
  • If you’ll bear with me for a moment while I just glance at my notes, right, … 
  • Erm, I’ll just need a minute to sort out the technology and I’ll be with you ... 


Moving to another main point

  • OK, so now I’d like to turn to my next point, which is ... 
  • Moving on, I’d like to take a look at …. 
  • Now I’d like to move on to ... 
  • Now let’s turn to the issue of ... 
  • I’ll come back to that issue later... 
  • I want to turn now to ... 
  • Turning now to ... 
  • Moving on now to ... 
  • Having looked at ….. 
  • let’s now think about ... 
  • My next point is in regards to … T
  • hat brings me to … 
  • My final point is in regard to…


Making recommendations

  • Now I’d like to look at some of the measures that can be taken to alleviate the problems of … 
  • In order to solve these problems, the following action should be considered: ... 
  • Firstly, the government should … 
  • The most important thing that should be done to combat the problem of ... is... 
  • Other possible solutions would be to ...


Conclusion


Making conclusions and summarising your main points 

  • To conclude my presentation, ... 
  • In conclusion, ... 
  • To summarise the main points of my presentation … 
  • In view of the evidence I have presented I think it is fair to say that … 
  • After all is said and done I think we can conclude that … 
  • This is clearly a very complex issue but on the strength of the evidence I have seen I would say that …/it seems that …


Finishing your presentation

  • OK we’re coming to the end of the presentation so I’d just like to thank you for listening ... 
  • OK. That bring us to the end of my presentation. 
  • Thank you for listening. 
  • I hope you found it interesting. 


Questions


Asking for questions 

  • Would anyone like to ask any questions? 
  • I’m ready to take any questions now. 
  • If anyone has questions I’ll be happy to answer them. 


Answering questions

  • Thanks for your question ... 
  • Good question. I think ... 
  • That’s an interesting question! As I see it ... 
  • Yes, that’s an interesting point ...

Dealing with difficult questions 

  • Hmm, that’s a good question. I don’t have the information to answer that question right now, but I’d be happy to find out and get back to you later. 
  • I don’t think we have enough time to go into that right now, but I’ll be happy to speak to you one-to-one after the presentation if you would like. 
  • That’s an interesting point, but I do think I have shown that ... 


Asking questions to the presenter

  • Excuse me. Can you say a bit more about ... 
  • Can you repeat your point about ... 
  • Excuse me. I have a question about ...
  • I didn’t catch what you said about .... 
  • Can you repeat it please? 
  • Are you saying that ...? 
  • Can you suggest some reading on that topic?



출처

https://englishforuniversity.com


Presentation phrasebook.pdf